There are several steps to maintaining server rooms, including temperature control and safety measures. Servers are almost like children in that you need to take care of them in order to keep them functioning. While you don’t need to feed them or make sure they get 8 hours of sleep every night, you do have to make sure that servers don’t overheat or crash. Server room shutdowns can cause great frustration and expensive downtime, so it’s important to keep servers cool and safe from potential hazards.
1. Use Temperature-Controlling Equipment
In order to function properly, servers should maintain a server room temperature of around 80 degrees Fahrenheit, with the lowest temperature allowed being 50, and the highest being 82. Cooling equipment such as data center curtains and ventilation should maintain this temperature and keep it separate from the rest of your facility. If overheating is a concern, opening windows or exposing the servers to any outside temperature can do more harm than good. What you need to do is tweak the cooling equipment itself or purchase new equipment entirely.
2. Make Sure There’s Sufficient Power
Apart from overheating, power surges are another factor that can result in crashed servers. In the event of a storm or heavy use of servers, a power outage can occur, which will result in downtime until power is restored. You can prevent this by using a backup generator and avoiding the overuse of servers or other electrical components in the facility. You should also evenly distribute wiring so ports aren’t overloaded and don’t risk surging.
3. Use Server Racks
In server rooms, there is no reason not to utilize a server rack for a set of servers. Racks keep server rooms organized and cooler, and they provide physical security in addition to power distribution capabilities. With the use of these racks, you will be able to better maintain each server in the room.
4. Secure Your Facility with Proper Security Measures
You should always use locks for server room doors or rack enclosures, preventing unauthorized access when the server room is locked up. Security cameras can both capture and deter criminal activity, preventing people from tampering with servers or inadvertently causing damage. Security cameras can capture each angle of the server room, letting nothing slip through.
5. Keep Server Rooms Sufficiently Lit
Lighting in your server rooms should be enough to allow for full visibility while inside, while also not contributing to overheating. Headlamps are ideal for providing hands-free visibility, and security cameras will also have a clear view this way. With the right lighting, nothing will be out of view when attempting to configure or repair a server.
By following these steps, you can prevent any avoidable crashes in your server room.